This new four-lesson course of the Florence Melton School of Adult Jewish Learning addresses the important role of collective national memory in the ongoing development and adaptation of Judaism throughout the generations. What do we remember and why? How are national memories formed and preserved? The course opens with the Torah's directive to remember the attempted Jewish national genocide perpetrated by Israel’s arch-enemy, Amalek. The next three lessons each explore significant historical periods and the memories formed around them: reflections on the Spanish expulsion, recollections of Poland just before and following the shoah, and the State of Israel as envisioned by its founders and as experienced by its citizens today. The main objective of this course is to offer learners opportunities to explore the significant impact of Jewish collective memory on the current and future status of worldwide Jewry.