This innovative new course explores the pivotal events of 1947 and 1967 - following the 1917 Balfour Declaration - as key moments when Zionism unleashed new thinking about the meaning of Jewishness for generations to come. This course engages participants in an open and pluralistic discussion about issues of peoplehood, ethics and theology as they relate to nationhood, land, sovereignty, Jerusalem, occupation and moral red lines. We are honored to welcome Rabbi Phil Graubart to teach this complex curriculum. Rabbi Graubart is the former Senior Rabbi of Congregation Beth El. He currently serves as SDJA's first ever Chief Jewish Officer. Rabbi Graubart is an esteemed teacher and leader in San Diego.